SNIcat is a proof of concept tool that performs data exfiltration, utilizing a covert channel method via. Server Name Indication, a TLS Client Hello Extension.
The tool consists of an agent which resides on the compromised internal host, and a Command&Control Server which controls the agent and gathers exfiltrated data.
Background & Scenario
We discovered a new stealthy method of data exfiltration that specifically bypasses security perimeter solutions such as web proxies, next generation firewalls (NGFW), and dedicated solutions for TLS interception and inspection. Our testing validates that this is a widespread issue that affects different types of security solutions as well as solutions from a variety of vendors. We successfully tested our technique against products from F5 Networks, Palo Alto Networks and Fortinet, and speculate that many other vendors also are susceptible.
By using our exfiltration method SNIcat, we found that we can bypass a security perimeter solution performing TLS inspection, even when the Command & Control (C2) domain we use is blocked by common reputation and threat prevention features built into the security solutions themselves. In short, we found that solutions designed to protect users, introduced them to a new vulnerability.
We have also provided a Suricata signature for detecting this specific tool.
- Clone the repository:
- Install dependencies:
pip3 install -r requirements.txt –user
Aquire a wildcard certificate and key from a publically trusted CA. This represents the GOOD_CERT and GOOD_CERT_KEY.
Utilise a self-signed certificate and key (not in any trust store) as a BAD_CERT and BAD_CERT_KEY.
(*) USAGE: ‘python3 snicat_c2.py
(*) USAGE: ‘python3 snicat_agent.py
C2 Available commands
LIST – display all content in current folder
LS – display only files in the currenet folder
SIZE – display size of files in the currenet folder
LD – display every directory in current folder
CB – moves down to root tree folder – similar to ‘cd .. ‘