truffleHog : Searches Through Git Repositories For High Entropy Strings And Secrets

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truffleHog previously functioned by running entropy checks on git diffs. This functionality still exists, but high signal regex checks have been added, and the ability to suppress entropy checking has also been added.

trufflehog –regex –entropy=False https://github.com/dxa4481/truffleHog.git

or

trufflehog file:///user/dxa4481/codeprojects/truffleHog/

With the --include_paths and --exclude_paths options, it is also possible to limit scanning to a subset of objects in the Git history by defining regular expressions (one per line) in a file to match the targeted object paths. To illustrate, see the example include and exclude files below:

include-patterns.txt:

src/
lines beginning with “#” are treated as comments and are ignored
gradle/
regexes must match the entire path, but can use python’s regex syntax for
case-insensitive matching and other advanced options
(?i)..(properties|conf|ini|txt|y(a)?ml)$ (./)?id_[rd]sa$

exclude-patterns.txt:

(./)?.classpath$ ..jmx$
(./)?test/(./)?resources/

These filter files could then be applied by:

trufflehog –include_paths include-patterns.txt –exclude_paths exclude-patterns.txt file://path/to/my/repo.git

With these filters, issues found in files in the root-level src directory would be reported, unless they had the .classpath or .jmx extension, or if they were found in the src/test/dev/resources/ directory, for example. Additional usage information is provided when calling trufflehog with the -h or --help options.

These features help cut down on noise, and makes the tool easier to shove into a devops pipeline.

Install

pip install truffleHog

Customizing

Custom regexes can be added with the following flag --rules /path/to/rules. This should be a json file of the following format:

{
“RSA private key”: “—–BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY—–“
}

Things like subdomain enumeration, s3 bucket detection, and other useful regexes highly custom to the situation can be added.

Feel free to also contribute high signal regexes upstream that you think will benefit the community. Things like Azure keys, Twilio keys, Google Compute keys, are welcome, provided a high signal regex can be constructed.

trufflehog’s base rule set sources from https://github.com/dxa4481/truffleHogRegexes/blob/master/truffleHogRegexes/regexes.json

To explicitly allow particular secrets (e.g. self-signed keys used only for local testing) you can provide an allow list --allow /path/to/allow in the following format:

{
“local self signed test key”: “—–BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY—–\nfoobar123\n—–END EC PRIVATE KEY—–“,
“git cherry pick SHAs”: “regex:Cherry picked from .*”,
}

Note that values beginning with regex: will be used as regular expressions. Values without this will be literal, with some automatic conversions (e.g. flexible newlines).

How it works

This module will go through the entire commit history of each branch, and check each diff from each commit, and check for secrets. This is both by regex and by entropy. For entropy checks, truffleHog will evaluate the shannon entropy for both the base64 char set and hexidecimal char set for every blob of text greater than 20 characters comprised of those character sets in each diff. If at any point a high entropy string >20 characters is detected, it will print to the screen.

Running with Docker

First, enter the directory containing the git repository

cd /path/to/git

To launch the trufflehog with the docker image, run the following”

docker run –rm -v “$(pwd):/proj” dxa4481/trufflehog file:///proj

-v mounts the current working dir (pwd) to the /proj dir in the Docker container

file:///proj references that very same /proj dir in the container (which is also set as the default working dir in the Dockerfile)

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