Damn Vulnerable GraphQL Application

Damn Vulnerable GraphQL Application is an intentionally vulnerable implementation of Facebook’s GraphQL technology, to learn and practice GraphQL Security.

About DVGA

Damn Vulnerable GraphQL is a deliberately weak and insecure implementation of GraphQL that provides a safe environment to attack a GraphQL application, allowing developers and IT professionals to test for vulnerabilities.

DVGA has numerous flaws, such as Injections, Code Executions, Bypasses, Denial of Service, and more. See the full list under the Scenarios section.

Operation Modes

DVGA supports Beginner and Expert level game modes, which will change the exploitation difficulty.


  • Denial of Service
    • Batch Query Attack
    • Deep Recursion Query Attack
    • Resource Intensive Query Attack
  • Information Disclosure
    • GraphQL Introspection
    • GraphiQL Interface
    • GraphQL Field Suggestions
    • Server Side Request Forgery
  • Code Execution
    • OS Command Injection #1
    • OS Command Injection #2
  • Injection
    • Stored Cross Site Scripting
    • Log spoofing / Log Injection
    • HTML Injection
  • Authorization Bypass
    • GraphQL Interface Protection Bypass
    • GraphQL Query Deny List Bypass
  • Miscellaneous
    • GraphQL Query Weak Password Protection
    • Arbitrary File Write // Path Traversal


The following Python3 libraries are required:

  • Python3
  • Flask
  • Flask-SQLAlchemy
  • Graphene
  • Graphene-SQLAlchemy

See requirements.txt for dependencies.



  • Clone the repository

git clone git@github.com:dolevf/Damn-Vulnerable-GraphQL-Application.git && cd Damn-Vulnerable-GraphQL-Application

Alternatively, pull the image directly from Docker Hub: docker pull dolevf/dvga

  • Build the Docker image

docker build -t dvga .

  • Create a container from the image

docker run -t -p 5000:5000 -e WEB_HOST= dvga

In your browser, navigate to http://localhost:5000

Optionally, if you need the application to bind on a specific port or interface, use the following command: docker run -e WEB_HOST= -e WEB_PORT=8080 -t -p 8080:8080 dvga


  • Navigate to /opt

cd /opt/

  • Clone the repository

git clone git@github.com:dolevf/Damn-Vulnerable-GraphQL-Application.git && cd Damn-Vulnerable-GraphQL-Application

  • Install Requirements

pip3 install -r requirements.txt

  • Run Application

python3 app.py

In your browser, navigate to http://localhost:5000.



DVGA is highly insecure, and as such, should not be deployed on internet facing servers. By default, the application is listening on to avoid misconfigurations. DVGA is intentionally flawed and vulnerable, as such, it comes with no warranties. By using DVGA, you take full responsibility for using it.