targetedKerberoast : Kerberoast With ACL Abuse Capabilities

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targetedKerberoast is a Python script that can, like many others (e.g. GetUserSPNs.py), print “kerberoast” hashes for user accounts that have a SPN set. This tool brings the following additional feature: for each user without SPNs, it tries to set one (abuse of a write permission on the servicePrincipalName attribute), print the “kerberoast” hash, and delete the temporary SPN set for that operation. This is called targeted Kerberoasting. This tool can be used against all users of a domain, or supplied in a list, or one user supplied in the CLI.

More information about this attack

  • The Hacker Recipes – Kerberoast
  • The Hacker Recipes – Targeted Kerberoasting

Usage

This tool supports the following authentications

  • (NTLM) Cleartext password
  • (NTLM) Pass-the-hash
  • (Kerberos) Cleartext password
  • (Kerberos) Pass-the-key / Overpass-the-hash
  • (Kerberos) Pass-the-cache (type of Pass-the-ticket)

Among other things, targetedKerberoast supports multi-level verbosity, just append -v-vv, … to the command 🙂

usage: targetedKerberoast.py [-h] [-v] [-q] [-D TARGET_DOMAIN] [-U USERS_FILE] [–request-user username] [-o OUTPUT_FILE] [–use-ldaps] [–only-abuse] [–no-abuse] [–dc-ip ip address] [-d DOMAIN] [-u USER]
[-k] [–no-pass | -p PASSWORD | -H [LMHASH:]NTHASH | –aes-key hex key]
Queries target domain for SPNs that are running under a user account and operate targeted Kerberoasting
optional arguments:
-h, –help show this help message and exit
-v, –verbose verbosity level (-v for verbose, -vv for debug)
-q, –quiet show no information at all
-D TARGET_DOMAIN, –target-domain TARGET_DOMAIN
Domain to query/request if different than the domain of the user. Allows for Kerberoasting across trusts.
-U USERS_FILE, –users-file USERS_FILE
File with user per line to test
–request-user username
Requests TGS for the SPN associated to the user specified (just the username, no domain needed)
-o OUTPUT_FILE, –output-file OUTPUT_FILE
Output filename to write ciphers in JtR/hashcat format
–use-ldaps Use LDAPS instead of LDAP
–only-abuse Ignore accounts that already have an SPN and focus on targeted Kerberoasting
–no-abuse Don’t attempt targeted Kerberoasting
authentication & connection:
–dc-ip ip address IP Address of the domain controller or KDC (Key Distribution Center) for Kerberos. If omitted it will use the domain part (FQDN) specified in the identity parameter
-d DOMAIN, –domain DOMAIN
(FQDN) domain to authenticate to
-u USER, –user USER user to authenticate with
secrets:
-k, –kerberos Use Kerberos authentication. Grabs credentials from .ccache file (KRB5CCNAME) based on target parameters. If valid credentials cannot be found, it will use the ones specified in the
command line
–no-pass don’t ask for password (useful for -k)
-p PASSWORD, –password PASSWORD
password to authenticate with
-H [LMHASH:]NTHASH, –hashes [LMHASH:]NTHASH
NT/LM hashes, format is LMhash:NThash
–aes-key hex key AES key to use for Kerberos Authentication (128 or 256 bits)

Below is an example what the tool can do.

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