SHARE
Attack Monitor : Endpoint Detection & Malware Analysis Software

Attack Monitor is Python application written to enhance security monitoring capabilities of Windows 7/2008 (and all later versions) workstations/servers and to automate dynamic analysis of malware.

Current modes (mutually exclusive):

  • Endpoint detection (ED)
  • Malware analysis (on dedicated Virtual Machine)

Based on events from:

  • Windows event logs
  • Sysmon
  • Watchdog (Filesystem monitoring Python library)
  • TShark (only malware analysis mode)

Supported OS

  • Windows 7, 8, 10 (x86 or x64)
  • Windows 2008, 2012, 2016 (x86 or x64)

Pre-requirements

  • Powershell 5
  • Sysmon (Downloaded, configured and installed by installer.py)
  • Python 3.6 (64-bit) – should work on Python 3.x
  • Tshark (Malware analysis only)
  • Various Python3 libraries (requirements.txt)
  • StoneEngine library (included, first time published, high level windows event log interface – Alpha state)

Supported System Events

Some of the events are only supported in Malware Analysis Mode

  • Filesystem changes
  • Permitted network connections
  • PowerShell activity (detailed only with PowerShell 5)
  • Process creation
  • SMB activity
  • Scheduled tasks
  • Local accounts manipulations
  • Success/Failed logins
  • Drivers load
  • Raw disk access
  • Registry monitoring
  • Pipe events
  • Services
  • Audit log cleared
  • WMI monitoring of queries + WMI persistence
  • DNS requests capture (via Tshark)

Installation – Endpoint Detection Mode

For Malware analysis mode – refer to next section

STEPS:
<Download newest release>
cmd.exe (Run as admin)
pip3 install -U -r requirements.txt
python installer.py sysmon
=> Choose endpoint detection mode
python installer.py psaudit
python installer.py auditpol
python installer.py install
=> Choose endpoint detection mode
python installer.py exceptions
[Apply section] Installation – How to enable WMI audit?

Installation – Malware analysis Mode

For Endpoint detection mode – refer to previous section

STEPS:
<Download newest release>
cmd.exe (Run as admin)
pip3 install -U -r requirements.txt
python installer.py sysmon
=> Choose malware analysis mode
python installer.py psaudit
python installer.py auditpol
python installer.py install
=> Choose malware analysis mode
[Install tshark] https://www.wireshark.org/download.html // To default location
[Apply section] Installation – How to choose network interface for malware listening? // (currently only DNS)
[Apply section] Installation – How to enable WMI audit?
[Apply section] Installation – How to monitor specific directories?

Also Read – ATFuzzer : Dynamic Analysis of AT Interface For Android Smartphones

Installation – How to enable WMI audit?

compmgmt.msc
Services and Applications -> WMI Control -> Properties
Security -> Security -> Advanced -> Auditing -> Add

Select principal: Everyone
Type: All
Show advanced permissions:
Select all (Execute Methods … Edit Security)

Why it’s not in installer.py script? It’s hard to do it programmatically

Installation – How to choose network interface for malware listening?

Edit C:\Program Files\Attack Monitor\config\attack_monitor.cfg

Change in section [feeder_network_tshark]: network_interface=PUT INTERFACE NAME HERE # without quotes

How to determine interface name?

TShark is using name from Control Panel\Network and Internet\Network Connections (Change adapter settings) e.g. name: WiFi AC => Custom name defined by user e.g. name: Ethernet0

Installation – How to monitor specific directories?

Edit C:\Program Files\Attack Monitor\config\monitored_directories.json

For malware analysis it’s recommended to monitor all events (except dir_modified) for directory C:\ with recursive flag enabled. Please add also additional directories if relevant.

How it works?

  • Alert is coming from source (Windows Event Log, Sysmon, Filesystem change, TShark)
  • Alert is checked against config\exceptions\exception.json which contains all alerts which should be ignored A) For Endpoint Detection – Predefined set of ignored alerts is delivered with software B) For Malware analysis – you need to add exceptions yourself on live system in clean state
  • Alert is present in exception.json? Yes) Is discared [Go to step 1] No) Go to next step
  • Is learning mode enabled? (Can be enabled in tray icon, or permanently in configuration file) Yes) Alert window popup asking you if you want to ignore this alert, if yes which fields must match to consider event as ignored? (simple comparision, substring, regex)
    • If you decided to add exception for this alert – Alert is added to exceptions [Go to step 1]
    • If you decided to skip exception window – Go to next step No) Go to next step
  • Alert user about capture event. Outputs:
    • System tray baloon notification (Only when you are moving mouse and computer isn’t locked)
    • Alert is saved to logs\.txt

Known bugs

  • Exit isn’t gracefull
  • Tray icon appears and disappears

Demo