Huan is an encrypted PE Loader Generator that I developed for learning PE file structure and PE loading processes. It encrypts the PE file to be run with different keys each time and embeds it in a new section of the loader binary. Currently, it works on 64 bit PE files.
First, Huan reads the given PE file and encrypts it with CBC mode AES-128 encryption algorithm. For the encryption, I used
Tiny AES in C and prepared a padding code for the requirement of this library. When the encryption is complete, it compiles the loader using the Visual Studio compiler (
MsBuild.exe) and creates an executable. After that, it creates a section (called
.huan) on that executable, and embed the encrypted content, size information, IV and symmetric key. Both keys are created randomly for each copy of the loader. The layout of this section can be seen below.
When the loader is executed, it first takes the image base of itself by reading the
Process Environment Block. After learning the image base, it parses the loaded copy of itself to find
.huansection. Then, it decrypts the whole content, buffers it, and loads the binary which relies on the memory.